According to definition, scam is a fraudulent or deceptive act or operation.A scam is an illegal trick, usually with the purpose of getting money from people.
A fraudulent scheme performed by a dishonest individual, group, or company in an attempt obtain money or something else of value. Scams traditionally resided in confidence tricks, where an individual would misrepresent themselves as someone with skill or authority, i.e. a doctor, lawyer, investor. After the internet became widely used, new forms of scams emerged such as lottery scams, scam baiting, email spoofing, phishing, or request for helps. These are considered to be email fraud.
Scam includes obtaining of money by means of deception including fake personalities, fake photos, fake template letters, non-existent email addresses and phone numbers and forget documents etc.